England has had its hottest summer on record this year, tied with 2018, the country’s weather agency said on Thursday as it unveiled provisional average temperature statistics for the three-month period.
The announcement comes as much of England and Wales is in the throes of drought after unusually high temperatures and several heat waves accompanied by minimal rainfall, reflecting conditions seen in the North West of England. ‘Europe.
England also broke its all-time temperature record in July, when the mercury exceeded 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit) for the first time, while July was the driest on record in the south.
“It’s too early to speculate on the end of the year as a whole, but the continued warm conditions are certainly remarkable and have certainly been made more likely by climate change,” said Mark McCarthy of the National Information Center on the climate.
“For many, this summer’s record-breaking heat in July … will be the most memorable aspect of the season,” he added in a statement.
“However, for England to reach its hottest summer, it takes more than extreme heat over a few days, so we must remember that we also experienced persistent hot and hot spells in June and August.”
Detailing the seasonal period beginning in June, the Met Office – whose records date back to 1884 – confirmed that England’s average temperature of 17.1 degrees Celsius was the hottest on record, equaling the summer there is four years old.
The hottest and driest areas compared to average were in the east, with East Anglia and parts of northeast England experiencing their hottest summer on record.
“Human-Induced Climate Change”
Across the UK, which also includes Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, it was provisionally the fourth hottest summer.
Britain’s best summers, all over the past two decades, have all been very close in temperature, with the two hottest averaging 15.8 degrees and the next two hottest 15.7 degrees.
“This means that four of the five hottest summers on record in England have occurred since 2003, as the effects of human-induced climate change are felt on England’s summer temperatures,” the Met Office noted. .
This year’s drought conditions have had an impact across England, notably with the source of the Thames drying up and moving several miles downstream.
Satellite imagery has shown the country’s traditionally green and lush countryside turning to various shades of yellow and brown as huge swathes of southern, central and eastern England dry out.
Some water companies have imposed restrictions on water use, including banning garden hoses, lack of rainfall, and punishing heat depleting rivers, reservoirs, and groundwater levels.
Thames Water, which supplies 15 million people in London and some surrounding areas, introduced a garden hose ban in its area from August 24 in the first such restriction in the British capital in a decade.
Severe heat waves, made hotter and more frequent by climate change, are already being felt beyond Britain and around the world, threatening human health, wildlife and crop yields.
Outside of Western Europe, which has seen devastating wildfires this summer, half of China has been crippled by drought, with some regions experiencing the longest continuous stretch of high temperatures since records began a year ago. over 60 years old.
Drought declared in several parts of England
© 2022 AFP
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